How Governments Manipulate the Gold Market

In its October 2003 issue, Freemarket Gold & Money Report explains how governments manipulate the gold market.

(emphasis mine) [my comment]

How Governments Manipulate the Gold Market - A Primer
Copyright © 2003 by Freemarket Gold & Money Report. All Rights Reserved.
First published on October 6, 2003 in FGMR #332

After gold trading closed in New York on Friday $13.70 lower from the previous day, a Reuters article gave the following reason for gold's rout: "Gold tumbled 3.5 percent in New York on Friday as the first rise in U.S. payrolls in eight months lifted anxiety about economic growth and undermined the safe-haven case for bullion days after it had hit seven-year highs."

Their point of view sounds plausible I suppose, though I think the recent "seven-year highs" in gold are far more telling about gold's prospects than any one month's economic data. But regardless of whether Reuters conclusion makes economic sense or not, the payrolls data was released at 8.30am, and gold's sell-off didn't start until 12.10pm, almost fours hours later. Therefore, did we see a delayed knee-jerk reaction to the data? Or was some other factor at work?

In my view, it was clearly the latter. It is now becoming a well-known 'secret' that governments are trying to manage the gold price by actively intervening in the gold market, and Friday's trading was a good example of their fiddling with the free-market process. Here are some pointers for everyone interested in learning how governments intervene in the gold market.

(1) Work with a proxy. The US Exchange Stabilization Fund is the ringleader of the government's manipulation efforts, but it never enters the market directly itself, regardless whether it is intervening in the currency or the gold market. It works with proxies in order to cover its tracks. The secretive ESF places its orders to intervene with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, which carries out all intervention for the US government as well as all orders from foreign central banks placed for execution during US market hours.

When asked about its activity, the FRBNY never discloses for whom it is acting, claiming that its account agreements bind it to respect the confidentiality of its customers. But this approach is still not enough to hide the tracks of the ESF and the various governments who intervene to distort normal market forces. They want more cover, so the FRBNY places these government instigated trading orders with the big New York banks. Because these banks have such huge trading volume, the logic is that government instigated trading will be hidden amidst the huge order flow handled by these banks.

This line of attack to hide the government's trades works, except when the government's orders are so huge and one-sided that they overwhelm normal market forces. So it stands to reason that the repetitive and continuing entry by banks like Morgan Chase and Morgan Stanley on the sell side of the gold market at particularly critical market junctures and at unusual times smacks of government intervention. This unholy alliance, also known to some as the Washington/Wall Street Axis, demonstrates that these two forces are in bed with each other to serve their mutual benefit. The banks that act as government agents aim to make money anyway they can, even if it means taking despicable steps that are unfair and harmful to those unaware when the government intervenes. For its part, the government aims to distort markets from operating normally. Why does the government do this?

Because market prices communicate information, sometimes that information runs counter to what governments would like us to hear and believe. So governments intervene in a market by preventing it from alerting us of the market-message that governments don't want us to hear. For example, we all know that the message of a rising gold price means that the dollar is headed for rough times, which is useful and important knowledge. But the government is more concerned about protecting its own interests and those of the banks who help it manipulate markets, rather than letting us receive a useful market-message to help protect our wealth.

(2) Wait until after the London market closes, which because of the time change is 12.00 noon New York time. The London market is basically a market for physical gold, while New York trades paper, which just represents promises to pay gold. There's a big difference between these two markets. It is easy to manipulate paper because all a government has to do is to create these paper promises 'out of thin air', just like they do all the time when they intervene in the foreign exchange markets. But governments cannot create physical gold 'out of thin air'.

Therefore, they tend to stay away from the London market, and only put physical gold into their market interventions sparingly because once they are out of physical (or unwilling to use what they have left, which was the case with President Nixon in 1971), their intervention game is over.

On Friday gold closed in London at $382.75, $13.35 above the New York close only 1˝ hours later. So clearly, the government through its compliant bank agents only bombed the paper market.

(3) Intervene on a Friday afternoon in order to have the maximum impact from your intervention. The reason is clear because after 12.00 noon New York time, not only is London closed, but the rest of the world is closed as well. This afternoon period in New York represents the moment when the least amount of liquidity is in the market. So if government interveners want 'more bang for their buck', they can get it when the rest of the world is asleep or already enjoying their weekend.

The limited liquidity that is the dominant characteristic of the New York market on Friday afternoon makes it easier for the interveners to get bigger price moves, which then gives them a corollary benefit. A big price move can scare people, particularly when they have the whole weekend to think and worry about what the next week will bring. That result gives governments even more 'bang for their buck'.

(4) Just keep selling & selling. When you intervene in the market on a Friday afternoon with the intention of forcing the market lower, you begin selling short. Be cause you are the government and you are only creating promises to pay gold 'out of thin air', you just keep selling and selling until you hit key sell-stops resting in the market. After all, who is going to give the government a margin call? Consequently, there is no practical limit as to how many paper promises the government can sell. So how much do they sell? Simple, they sell enough until they complete their task, which is to drive the market lower. But they also use the market itself to help them accomplish their objective of lowering the gold price. Here is how they do it.

It was no secret that $378 had become an important support point, and that consequently, it was obvious that a large number of longs had placed sell-stops under that level, or intended to sell if that level was broken. So let's assume that the government starts selling and selling and that it takes them 20,000 contracts in thin Friday afternoon trading to force the market down to the point where the $378 level is broken. The government's selling is now complete. Its mission is accomplished because of the new selling that is generated when support at $378 is broken. The market is now being driven lower by the longs who begin selling to cut losses or protect profits.

As the market heads further below $378 support, more and more sell-stops are generated because the snowball started by the government is now rolling downhill on its own momentum. Then the government interveners step back in and slowly begin buying back their 20,000 contract short 'paper gold' position as the gold price heads down. They buy what the longs are now selling, enabling the government to cover its short position.

The net result is that the government ends the day with no position, and assuming they made $8 per ounce on average (which is not an unreasonable assumption given Friday's $13 drubbing), the government walks away with $16 million picked from the pocket of the longs - loot that it splits with the banks who acted as their agent. More importantly to the government, it achieved its primary objective, which is to distort the free-market process by forcing a lower gold price, thus hindering yet again the market-message that the dollar is in trouble and that people should be stocking up with gold for the tough times ahead. And the government did it without using one ounce of physical metal.

So that's how they do it. Further proof will emerge later today when Comex reports Friday's drop in open interest. It may not be 20,000 contracts, but I would be surprised if it is less than 12,000. But if the drop turns out to be less than 8,000 contracts, given Friday's estimated volume of 165,000 contracts (of which 125,000 apparently occurred after 12.10 when the government started intervening), then the shorts are in real trouble.

A small drop in open interest would mean that too few longs were scared out of the market in Friday's price plunge, and that as a consequence, the longs are tenacious in looking for higher prices. In that case, the shorts with their huge position have become even more vulnerable. Further, if open interest drops by less than 8,000 contracts, look for gold to quickly rally, back into the $375-$385 range seen the past four weeks.

Do I have documents proving the government intervention I discuss above? No, but the body of evidence developed over the past few years by me (see,, Reg Howe (see, Frank Veneroso (see http://http:/ as well as many others is not only huge and compelling, but this body of evidence continues to grow.

My reaction: While keeping in mind that the article above was published over five years ago, take a look below at last Friday's chart for spot gold.

Seem like rather blatant and desperate management of the gold market, doesn't it?

Massive selling on the COMEX after 12:00PM pushed gold under 930, triggered sell-stops orders. As a result, London gold market closed at 952, and the COMEX/NY market closed at 939.60.

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11 Responses to How Governments Manipulate the Gold Market

  1. Anonymous says:


    Something to notice that is VERY different now than 5 years ago. Look at the chart you posted from last Friday. Notice how the market bounced back considerably, especially as trading moved into Sydney/Tokyo.

    It doesn't take a rocket scientist to figure out who is doing the buying in Asia. Our idiot government/bullion banks force the price down, and the Chinese grab every PHYSICAL ounce they can in Sydney and Tokyo.

    An interesting development in Australia: the Chinese have started BUYING entire gold mining companies. They want gold, and they want it in quantity.

    God, the US government is as stupid and short-sighted as the come. We are gonna go the way of England. Sad. Very sad.

  2. Anonymous says:

    Upon appointment, Clinton was disturbed that bond holders would be rewarded by higher interest rates, which would in turn add costs to his democratic voter base. Robert Rubin advised that they should allow the leasing of Gold by the Central Banks to the Bullion Banks, who would then either use them as backing to short paper Gold, or use it for outright Gold sales. This would have the advantage of depressing the price of Gold, and, since the Bullion Banks would use the profits from shorting, or the receipts from the sale of Gold to invest in Government Bonds, it would also suppress interest rates, so benefiting the Clinton voter base.
    The GATA link is here.
    And here.

    Interest rate have been suppressed heavily for many years using this method!

    Certain analysts realised three years ago that the leasing and disposal of Central Bank Gold Reserves had been going on for over a decade, and the remaining Central Bank Stocks must be heavily depleted, thus creating a future scarcity of Gold, as they considered that Central Banks would be loath to sell off the remain Gold stocks, thus altering the Global supply paradigm. A future price increase in Gold was therefore anticipated.
    Their report is here.

    Paul Craig Roberts was Assistant Secretary of the Treasury in the Reagan administration.
    "How long can the US government protect the dollar’s value by leasing its gold to bullion dealers who sell it, thereby holding down the gold price? Given the incompetence in Washington and on Wall Street, our best hope is that the rest of the world is even less competent and in even deeper trouble. In this event, the US dollar might survive as the least valueless of the world’s fiat currencies."

  3. Martijn says:

    One thing is for sure: this whole gold suppression shows that gold is a little more complex than most say, and it is not as guaranteed to go through the roof as many people are screaming right now.
    Gold is indeed beeing supressed in order to keep interest on bonds low.
    Paul Volckner once said that the biggist mistake in 1970s was not capping the gold price. The one thing we can trust is that government will try its very best to (secretely) cap it this time!

  4. Anonymous says:


    They can cap it through paper gold any time.

    That's why writers are saying drain Comex.

    The B of E will keep topping up Comex until they can't.
    The B of E and the Fed are historically married.

    Alternatively, if you are "big", directly approach a LBMA dealer, and get your own physical.

    I believe the Saudis, Russia, (really pissed with it all) and maybe China are doing this.
    The only way to stop suppression is to deny their supplies

    The Gulf States start their own currency in Oct, '09, Gold & oil backed, not pegged to $.
    Iran will sell oil to japan and China in their own currencies (yen, yuan, but not $).
    China is promoting international use of Yuan down in S E Asia.
    The clock is ticking on the $

  5. Martijn says:

    Anonymous: correct. However most gold nowadays still is paper gold. This paper gold is basically the same as the banking system: as long as not all the gold (banking deposits) is requested out at the same time the system will work, and gold prices will continue to be capped. As long as price are low (capped) gold will not be asked out physically, so we have somewhat of a reinforcing cycle.

    As for the dollar: no numbers at hand, but an interesting aspect related to the dollar is "criminal money". With the sheer size of digital dollars nowadays it might not be all that big, but most criminals around the world enjoy physical paper for cash and the often choose the greenback for this.
    What would be the impact of them loosing their faith?

  6. Anonymous says:


    JPmorgan does the back-office for Bank of Baghdad.
    Said bank receives proceeds of afghan drug trade which is up 2,000% since US military activities, so criminals also live in suits.

    As to your question, I don't know but, with a kruger approaching $1,000, and acceptable globally......
    At some point the $ won't be acceptable globally.......

    Also the kruger carries no political overtones. (I reside in a part of europe)

  7. Martijn says:

    Anonymous: criminas certainly wear suits and I believe crime does pay, although succesful (and clever) criminals off course do not brag about their succeses.

    Should the crime scene loose faith in the dollar, the kruger might be a suitable replacement.

    I was however thinking about the impact of criminal money fleeing the dollar. I am not saying they are, but should they be smart and see problems coming before the main public does, owners of "diry money" might start fleeing out of the dollar and into krugers (or something alike). That would boost supply with quite some extra paper I reckon, if we estimate that the shadow economy amounts to 10% of GDP worldwide.

  8. Martijn says:

    and "diry money" should read "dirty money"..

  9. Anonymous says:


    In his recent testimony to congress, markopolos (sp?) estimated 5%.

    Still quite a lot.

    You are correct, it would come out of hiding to make the purchases, but it would probably have been laundered at that point, - I feel sure no ermm, "reputable" bullion dealer would deal in cash of that amount, but, who knows?

    They could always say they were CIA, then the bullion sellers would want white powder :)

    My mind moves to Blood Diamonds, or just Diamonds, or Platinum.

    it's late here.

  10. Martijn says:

    Ha, you're corrent about the money either being loundered or not being accepted by bullion dealers.

    Still, should al the dirty money suddenly come boiling up that in itself would create quite an inlfationary force, although I have off course no prove for such a scenario to occur.

  11. Anonymous says:

    Then the way to unrig this crap shot is to take delivery of physical and call thier bluff. The manipulation exists is Gold and Silver. Silver is historically some what connected to gold and being a relatively tiny market would be a lot easier to force the shorts to cover. There is a lot more Gold than Silver because Silver is also an strategic, industrial and investment metal. If everyone took out a Credit Card (or two ?) issued by a "bullion bank" (Chase,Morgan,HSBC etc.)and maxed them out buying Silver then the physical demand would in essence "short circuit" the shorts. They would be in a position to sell back (at a profit) to the "bullion banks". Silver works to do this because there is so little of it available unlike gold. Ted Butler has stated that there is now less silver than gold because we have used it industrially. Buy Silver to unwind the Gold Carry Trade. Forcing COMEX to default on Silver would expose the Gold manipulation to all.

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