Rain and Floods Disrupt US Harvest
The Town Talk reports that Continual rains hurt farmers as they try to harvest crops.
Continual rains hurt Cenla farmers as they try to harvest crops
By Jeff Matthews — firstname.lastname@example.org — September 24, 2009
[Georgia, Tennessee, northern part of Louisiana]
Three months ago, area farmers were praying for rain. Now, some are praying for it to stop.
"We had significant yield loss due to dryness in the summer," said Matt Martin, county agent with the Rapides Parish office of the LSU AgCenter. "Now, we're looking at the possibility of seeing some quality loss due to too much rain at harvest."
A multitude of light showers has been falling in the area this month. While Central Louisiana has not been hit by anything like the deluge of heavy rains in Georgia and Tennessee, or even the northern part of Louisiana, the wet weather has made things difficult for farmers trying to harvest their crops.
Soybeans and cotton, in particular, are starting to be at risk if farmers can't get a window of dry weather to get their crops out of the fields.
"There are a lot of beans out there ready to be cut," said Lecompte-area farmer Dale Schexnyder, who fortunately was able to get his corn crop harvested despite the frequent rains. "This isn't helping the cotton or the beans, either."
"Right now, all the farmers are kind of wishing it would quit," Martin said. "We have soybeans ready to harvest, we have cotton ready to harvest, and we have a little bit of corn ready to harvest. This rain is preventing that."
The station at Alexandria International Airport recorded 0.73 inches of rain on Tuesday, making it the 15th day of rain out of 22 in September, including the 12th day out of the prior 14.
The actual volume of rain in the area in September is about at a normal level. Through Monday, the amount of rain recorded at the airport station was 0.2 inches below normal, according to Sam Shamburger, a meteorologist with the National Weather Service in Lake Charles.
The rains, though frequent, have been light -- every day but three this month has had .25 inches of rain or less. That doesn't ease the concerns of farmers who long for a few dry days to harvest their crops.
"Right now it's harvest time, it should be dry," Schexnyder said. "If we keep getting these little, small showers, it's going to be hard. Hopefully, next week it will dry up."
"It won't let it get dry enough to get in the fields to harvest," Martin said. "It's staying too wet."
Farmers need it to be dry for harvest so their equipment doesn't tear up muddy fields, and because moisture in crops is not good for harvesting or storing, Martin said, it will take a few days of no rain to create good harvest conditions.
That likely won't be this week. Shamburger said chances remain good for rain over the next few days.
"You're looking at about a 50 percent chance of showers Thursday, 40 on Friday and then tapering off to a little less over the weekend," he said.
It could stay pretty wet the rest of 2009 in the area, Shamburger said. So even though Central Louisiana is more than 11 inches of rainfall below normal for the year, it could move close to or at normal by the end of 2009, an almost unthinkable prospect back in June.
Clarion Ledger reports that Rain threatens Mississippi 's soybean crop.
September 23, 2009
Rain threatens state's soybean crop
Each wet day deteriorates quality of the harvest
After a spring and summer marked by prolonged wet and dry spells that hampered some of the state's crops, fall is beginning with waterlogged soybeans.
An especially rainy September is posing a threat to the state's soybean crop of 2.15 million acres, about half of which is either ready or almost ready for harvest. Although not a major state crop based on production, soybeans are an important commodity on most farms, according to the Mississippi State University Extension Service.
Bolton soybean farmer Bobby Mashburn hasn't been able to assess the steady rain's impact on his crop - it's been too wet for him to do any serious work in his fields.
But he's hoping for a weather let-up soon, or else he says his yield likely will be less than he projected, perhaps up to 20 percent less.
"They're deteriorating each day it rains," he says of his soybeans. "It hasn't dried out enough for us to get out and take a look."
He said he hasn't started his harvest yet, largely because of heavy spring rains that also impacted his crop and caused flooding along the Mississippi River near Vicksburg.
Although the state's soybean crop has been subject to rain practically nonstop since early last week, things could be worse, notes Trey Koger, a soybean specialist with the Mississippi State University Extension Service.
… the wet pattern may not let up soon. As of Tuesday afternoon, the National Weather Service was forecasting at least a 20 percent chance of rain today through Saturday night in the Jackson area.
As of Tuesday morning, Jackson-Evers International Airport had recorded 3.04 inches of rain since Sept. 1, nearly matching the average full-month September total of 3.23 inches, said NWS hydrologist Marty Pope.
But the ground has been even more drenched in northern and eastern parts of the state, he said.
A low-pressure system has meandered over the south-central U.S. for more than a week, with high pressure to the east blocking it from exiting Mississippi quickly, Pope said, meaning day after day of rain for already-wet fields.
Such rain amounts make soybeans and other crops more susceptible to mold, seed rot and fracturing, Koger said, and can mean soybean growers don't get as much money per bushel for their crop at grain elevators.
September's steady rains could have an impact on the quality and yield of Mississippi's soybean crop, which has gained in yield in the state for several decades. The following shows soybean yield trends in the state:
1970-89: 21-22 average bushels per acre.
1990-99: 26.6 average bushels per acre.
2008: 40 bushels per acre.
2009: 42 bushels per acre (projected). [Not happening]
Sources: Mississippi State University, USDA
Todaysthv reports that Harvest Time Hardships in Arkansas.
Farmers: Harvest Time Hardships
Katherina- Marie Yancy 3 hrs ago
The weather across the state is causing some hard times for Arkansas farmers. Flooding and saturated soil has kept growers out of the fields. The two times a year farmers don't want rain is planting and harvesting and this year they had both.
Many farmers were forced to plant late and continued rain, water and cool soil temperatures have slowed the development.
Growers are not ready to surrender yet, if rain slacks off growers may be able to produce a respectable crop.
Out here on the open field farmers are at the mercy of Mother Nature. Dow Brantley with Brantley Farming Company says, "Normally we'd be harvesting rice the last week of August and here it is the 23rd day of September so we have a long way to go and it's wet and it's going to be extremely difficult to get the crop out."
Farmers across the state are losing yield every day the rain continues. Rice is heavy and falling on the ground, kernels are sprouting on corn crops, soybeans are splitting and cotton is losing its quality.
[USDA forecasts yields for Arkansas to be 38 bushels per acre (compared to 38 bpa in 2008).]
Arkansas farming issues don't affect the day to day market because hard times here are
not translated across the U.S. [Really? Not what I am reading]
Kxii reports that Texan farmers hit hard by rain.
Updated: 10:33 PM Sep 23, 2009
Farmers hit hard by rain
Most of the farmers in Texas have been hit hard with drought and scorching temperatures. But here in Texoma farmers face a different problem, too much rain. And that's made this year's harvest a tough one.
Reporter: Maddie Garrett
Sherman, TX - Bruce Wetzel has been a farmer in Sherman all his life, learning from his father back in the 1960's.
"Farming is just part of me, I've never done anything else, I wouldn't know what to do if it wasn't for the farming business," said Wetzel.
He's seen all the ups and downs of producing wheat and corn in Texoma, and he says this was one of the worst years for corn.
"A lot of our corn that we're making right now has the Aflatoxin in it so some of it may be completely unmarketable,"
But unlike the rest of Texas, a harsh drought wasn't what plagued farmers in our area, the Farm Service Agency said it was all the rain.
"Well you know extremes of anything, too much rain can be just as harmful as not as much," said Burt Darwin, the County Executive Director at the Farm Service Agency.
"All the rain we got back in April and May, we got 20 inches of rain in a two week period there, really just damaged our corn. Our corn just never quite recovered from too much water," said Wetzel.
Wetzel says he lost about 50% of his wheat and corn crops this harvest season, a trend that farmers are experiencing across Texoma.
"Right now the yields are very erratic, where the soil is well drained the corn crops are better, where it wasn't where the water stood are greatly reduced, we're also seeing a log Aflitoxin numbers coming in. We're also seeing a lot of Aflatoxin numbers coming in," said Darwin.
Those Aflatoxins are a fungus that have contaminated most of the corn crops, making it toxic if the levels are too high. Which means the bad crops could mean tough times ahead for farmers like Wetzel.
"It makes it pretty tough to go to the banker and try to work out a cash flow for next year... And our family budget you know, we're going to have to watch it closer," said Wetzel.
And this year's harvest was delayed by about a month this year due to the heavy rains over the past couple of weeks. Wetzel says this causes even more problems because it can knock over the stalks and make even more of the corn crop un-harvestable.
Continuing rain bringing ruin to cotton, flattening rice and helping disease in soybeans
By Associated Press
3:35 PM CDT, September 24, 2009
[Little Rock, Arkansas]
LITTLE ROCK, Ark. (AP) — Optimism is dimming for many Arkansas farmers who have watched their profits vanish as the rain has kept falling.
The rain has been so bad for cotton growers that some are seeing seeds sprout in the cotton bolls. In storms Monday, rice blown over in places, making it much harder to harvest. And the wet weather has provided ideal conditions for the spread of Asian soybean rust, a fungus that can ruin a soybean crop.
Extension service experts say it will be months before a dollar value can be affixed to the damage.
Rain is forecast to continue in parts of the state through the end of the week.
The Times Dispatch reports that rains disrupt harvest in Lawrence, Arkansas.
Rains disrupt harvest
Rain continues to complicate harvest for farmers in Lawrence County. Of the 106,000 acres of rice planted in the county, only an estimated eight percent has been harvested.
According to Herb Ginn, Lawrence County Extension Agent, rice farmers are not only worried about the rain, but about wind and cooler temperatures, too.
"Two of the concerns are shattering and lodging," said Ben Stone of Cox and Stone Farms, who has grown up around farming his entire life. Shattering occurs when heavy rain or wind knocks the grain from the rice stalks onto the ground, while lodging occurs when the entire rice stalk is knocked down.
In addition, farmers are worried cooler temperatures will continue to prevent some rice from maturing.
Farmers such as Ray Stone and Tori and Joe Hicks began harvesting rice on Monday, once the fields were dry enough. Combines could be seen in the fields as late as midnight in some areas as farmers raced to beat the rainstorm promised during the overnight hours. Other farmers have been forced to wait for dryer weather.
Soybean farmers are also being affected by the tremendous amounts of rain.
Don Plunkett, Jefferson County extension staff chair for the University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture, said soybean growers and consultants are also complaining about weather-related problems.
"One is that the rain stopped harvest," he said. "Second is that the rains have prevented timely fungicide applications as well as insecticide applications.
"A third problem is soybeans are splitting along the suture of the pod and beginning to sprout. These split pods also allow infections."
According to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, only five percent of the soybean crop had been harvested in Arkansas, some of which was affected by soybean rust and an infestation of aphids.
Unfortunately for Lawrence County farmers, rains are forecast through Sunday.
The Associated Press reports that Rain halts corn, sorghum harvests; crops damaged by persistent precipitation.
Rain halts corn, sorghum harvests; crops damaged by persistent precipitation
By Associated Press
3:26 PM CDT, September 22, 2009
[Little Rock, Arkansas]
LITTLE ROCK, Ark. (AP) — The persistent rain in Arkansas has left corn and sorghum growers with a problem. Again.
Last year, it was rain from Hurricanes Gustav and Ike that damaged both crops. This year, rain has been falling daily for a week and a half, with plenty more in the forecast. Agriculture officials said Tuesday that harvests for corn and sorghum have been stopped for about 10 days.
Rain in the spring caused growers to plant late. Those crops were late to mature because of the time frame and the cool summer. Now, some grain and sorghum kernels are sprouting on the stalks because of the rainfall.
There were 410,000 acres of corn planted in Arkansas this year, and 45,000 acres of sorghum.
Cnbc reports that Corn, Sorghum harvests in Arkansas halted by rain.
Corn, Sorghum harvests in Arkansas halted by rain
By: The Associated Press 22 Sep 2009 05:36 PM ET
[Little Rock, Arkansas]
LITTLE ROCK, Ark. - Arkansas corn and sorghum growers are enduring their second difficult harvest in a row.
Last year, rains from Hurricanes Gustav and Ike damaged both crops. Rain in the spring this year delayed planting and caused some corn growers to replant. Now, after a cool summer and recent persistent rainfall, growers are watching some of their crop sprout on the stalk.
"Harvest came to a sudden and disagreeable standstill a week and a half ago," said Don Plunkett, Jefferson County extension staff chair for the University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture.
Jason Kelley, extension agronomist for wheat and feed grains for the University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture, said Tuesday that kernels in corncobs have been sprouting because of the water collected in the ears.
"If it has a loose shuck, it's kind of like a bucket. There's no where for the water to go," Kelley said.
"We don't have all our grain sorghum harvested," Kelley said. Much of what's left in the field "is severely impacted by the weather and much of the grain has now sprouted."
There were 410,000 acres of corn planted in Arkansas this year, down from last year's 440,000 acres, according to the National Agriculture Statistics Service. Arkansas growers planted 45,000 acres of sorghum, down from 70,000 acres last year.
Growers of other crops — such as soybeans, cotton and rice — have had their own troubles with disease and pests, all made worse because of the rain.
The Greenwood Commonwealth reports that wet weather causing multitude of problems for area farmers in Oklahoma.
Wet weather causing multitude of problems for area farmers
By Taylor Kuykendall
Tuesday, September 22, 2009 11:12 AM CDT
[Le Flore County, Oklahoma]
Continuing showers are further fueling concerns about Leflore County farmers' harvests.
Jerry Singleton, an agent with the Leflore County Extension Service, said farmers are concerned about this year's crop. Heavy rains have kept them out of the fields, and many are uncertain about their yields.
"A lot of the farmers out here are really starting to hope for the rain to let up," Singleton said. "The amount of rain we have been seeing is usually associated with hurricanes."
According to the National Weather Service, there is a chance for showers every day until Sunday morning. The National Weather Service also reports rainfall of 9.82 inches over Greenwood since Sept. 1 — a period in which the normal average is 2.2 inches.
The rain may cause a multitude of problems for soybeans, corn and cotton growth. Soybeans are prone to seed rot and mold when the crop is forced to remain standing in hot, wet weather.
Soybean farmer Henry Roland said he's not sure about how his crop has been affected yet.
"You never know until it's over," Roland said. "If it stays wet long enough, it's surely going to affect the quality. It's really all just a guessing game at this point."
The MSU release also said corn was affected but is more likely to be able to withstand the wet weather. Wind is a much bigger threat to corn yields.
"It's so hard to tell what is being affected by this rainfall, and I think most farmers are really just wanting to get out there and see what is going on and just how much this has affected their crop," Singleton said. "It could be a loss in yield, or it may be a loss in quality. We'll have to wait and see."
Darrin Dodds, Extension cotton specialist, said cotton farmers have to worry about boll lock and boll rot, both of which can cause devastating losses in both yield quality and quantity.
Boll rot is a condition in which the cotton is affected by disease within the boll. "These hot, humid conditions just provide the perfect environment for disease to develop," Dodds said.
The wet weather also causes other problems.
"A lot of the farmers are prepared to start defoliating, but they have to wait because of the rain," Dodds said. "It's possible that with all this moisture, seeds may start sprouting in the boll."
When that happens, Dodds said, it not only makes a seed worthless for resale but also risks staining the crop.
"This weather pattern is creating a lot of problems for farmers across the board," Dodds said. "It's a problem for corn, cotton and soybean farmers. It's hard to find an optimistic side to this recent weather, although too much rain is usually better than none."
Pine Bluff Commercial reports about excess water leading to reduced yield and quality in their crops.
COUNTY HAS ALREADY SEEN YEAR'S WORTH OF RAIN
By Scott Loftis/SPECIAL TO THE COMMERCIAL
Wednesday, September 23, 2009 10:41 PM CDT
There are still three months left in 2009, but a year's worth of rain already has fallen in Jefferson County and local farmers are feeling the effects.
Brian Smith, a senior forecaster at the National Weather Service in Little Rock, said Wednesday that Jefferson County has gotten 52.27 inches of rainfall in 2009 — less than a quarter-inch short of the county's annual average of 52.48 inches.
For area farmers, the excess water has led to reduced yield and quality in their crops, according to Don Plunkett, an agent with the Pine Bluff office of the University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service.
"It's just a nasty situation," Plunkett said. "We've got farmers that have tried to harvest this week, and we've had just a couple of days of drying time. We are seeing a lot of damage."
Rice farmers have been particularly hard hit, Plunkett said.
"We've got some rice that's on the ground, and that makes it extra slow to harvest," he said. "It just really costs a lot of time and manpower. It's just a slow go to get that stuff off the ground."
Plunkett added that rice and corn have been "sprouting."
"That simply means that the grains are trying to make new plants," Plunkett said. "That affects the quality of the crop."
A problem that isn't as obvious, but just as bothersome, is the damage caused to the fields by the combination of wet, soft ground and heavy harvesting equipment.
"You have a lot of slippage with the equipment and that leaves horrible ruts in the fields," Plunkett said. "Then you've got to deal with all those ruts before you can plant for next year."
Wral reports that flooding damaging crops in North Carolina.
[Raleigh, North Carolina]
Flooding causes road closures in western N.C.
Dozens of roads remained closed in western North Carolina because of flooding caused by six straight days of rain.
The Asheville Citizen-Times reported that some evacuations were in effect in Transylvania County. A shelter was set up at the Brevard recreation center.
Several small landslides also were reported, including U.S. 276 near Sliding Rock and Connestee.
Duke Energy reported scattered power outages Tuesday, with Macon County reporting 267 customers without service.
Officials say the flooding is the worst since the remnants of hurricanes Frances and Ivan came through in 2004.
One Edneyville farmer said nearly one third of his 715 acres of corn were under several feet of water Monday. [the yields on this corn will probably suffer]
The Jackson Sun reports that weathering the year in Tennessee.
Weathering the year
By NED B. HUNTER
— September 20, 2009
Area farmers could harvest record amounts of cotton and soybean crops this year unless constant rains continue to soak fields.
Richard Jameson planted 1,500 acres of soybeans in Haywood County this year. His plants have produced more seed pods this year than normal, increasing the number of beans per plant.
"I would say we are looking at a much better than average year right now," Jameson said.
The increase soybean yield on Jameson's and other farms statewide could set a 15-year record high if plants can be harvested before they rot or drown in rain soaked fields.
In 2003, farmers in Tennessee harvested a record average of 42 bushels per acre of soybeans, said Angela Thompson, state extension corn and soybean specialist. Crockett County farmers averaged 41 bushels per acre that year, while Madison County farmers averaged 38 and Haywood farmers averaged 37 bushels per acre.
While Jameson and other farmers hope to set record harvest yields, they remain cautious about this year's final totals because higher than average May rains changed harvest schedules.
Soybeans are usually planted in May and harvested in October. Cotton usually is in the ground no later than April 20 and harvested around Oct. 1, said Sammy Elgin, extension director Madison County/UT Extension.
Jackson received 8.64 inches of rain in May, three inches above the monthly average, according to the National Weather Service Web site.
The rain forced some cotton and soybean corps to be planted late, putting plant maturity two to three weeks behind schedule. That has delayed harvests until late October or early November, which exposes the plants to rotting and fungus from late rains.
As of Saturday, Jackson received 2.98 inches of September rain, putting rains on track to be three-quarters of an inch or more over the monthly norm of 3.76 inches.
Farmers need rains to subside and warm weather to follow to dry fields for defoliating in preparation for harvest. But on Friday, rains continued, forcing the weather service to issue flash flood warnings for nearly all West Tennessee counties. On Saturday, the weather service was predicting between a 30 percent and 50 percent chance of rain through Wednesday.
The Tennessean reports that record rainfall not done yet.
Record rainfall not done yet
BY MARK BELL — MBELL@DNJ.COM — September 23, 2009
"There could be some problems for the counties that have had up to 12 inches of rain," Girodo said.
The excessive rainfall has also created some issues for Rutherford County farmers, according to Rutherford County Agricultural Extension Agent Mitchell Mote.
"It has slowed down the development of cotton and stopped corn harvest," Mote said. "The soybeans were starting to get ripe so it's going to slow that down some, too."
Mote said the biggest problem right now is for those farmers who have corn and hay that can be harvested but can't get to it because of extremely wet conditions in their fields.
"The ground has got to be dry enough to support the harvesting equipment," Mote said. "You don't want something like a combine or cotton picker to get stuck. The ground has to be hard enough to support that equipment."
If corn sits in a field too long there's a chance it will start to sour, he added. Hay that continues to develop in the wet fields can lead to diminishing feed value.
"Right now a farmer's biggest worry is his grain, soybean and hay crops," Mote said.
Should the damage to farms be extremely bad there is a chance some could qualify for disaster assistance through the USDA. Mote said it was too early to tell if that assistance would be needed.
Cdispatch reports that heavy rains threaten crops.
Heavy rains threaten crops
September 22, 2009 9:16:00 AM
Rain, rain, go away and don't come again another day soon.
Extremely high amounts of rainfall, unusual for September, adversely have affected many facets of life, from crops to cops and the accidents to which they respond.
The National Weather Service reported Thursday the Golden Triangle area received five to 10 inches of rain over the past four days, with more to come.
"The ground is heavily saturated throughout portions of Northeast and Eastern Mississippi," said Mark McAllister of the NWS. "It's definitely much more (than usually seen). Usually our September is kind of dry. It's well above normal and it's pretty much going to continue the rest of the week."
"They are deteriorating in the field by the hour," Glenn Mast, a Brooksville farmer, reported of his corn, soybean and cotton crops. "Some of the crops have sprouted and are regrowing and some are just plain rotting. What percentage we don't even know at this point; it's too wet to go out and check.
"This is very unusual," he added, noting he's been farming for 40 years. "It's always hard to say which is the worst, but this is as bad as I've seen it for this time of year."
Rain is expected to continue throughout the week, with thunderstorms expected every day.
Daily Illini reports about disaster relief for Illinois farmers.
Farm aid may benefit some farmers
Nishat KhanNews staff writer
September 24th, 2009 - 4:00 AM
Gov. Pat Quinn announced that disaster relief would be provided to farmers in 58 counties that have suffered flooding or excessive rain damage to crops in September.
However, at least some of the 4,000 farms in the county will still seek monetary relief for crop loss.
Brad Uken, manager at the Champaign County Farm Bureau, said that because the county is next to Piatt County and Douglas County, which have both suffered damages due to heavy rain and flooding, it is eligible for relief.
Newagtalk discusses beans sprouting in Northern Alabama.
Posted 9/22/2009 21:22 (#856400)
Subject: beans sprouting in N. Al. [Northern Alabama]
looked at some 4.9 beans today...saw several pods there were sprouting...some even had true leaves unfolding...90% of leaves are yellow and thinking about gramaxone appl. anything i can do to help this? anybody else having beans sprout? it rained 5" over the weekend
Posted 9/22/2009 21:29 (#856415 - in reply to #856400)
Subject: RE: beans sprouting in N. Al.
I have a question, I have never seen a bean sprout in the pod, what does it do? Does it sprout and stay in the pod or will the sprout eventually break through the pod and release seed to the ground? Never seen it in this part of the world is it common in the south? Actually that was a couple of questions. Thanks in advance.
Posted 9/22/2009 22:16 (#856524 - in reply to #856415)
Subject: RE: beans sprouting in N. Al.
i saw a couple on the ground....most were still in the pod...in some all 3 beans were sprouting. i pulled one out of pod and it had roots and everything...this is just my 3rd crop..never seen it before either...i hope it is just gonna happen to my 4.9 beans..will take some pic tomm.
Posted 9/22/2009 22:46 (#856631 - in reply to #856415)
Subject: Re: beans sprouting in N. Al. [Northeast Louisiana]
Two weeks ago I found a green soybean inside a green pod sprouted. I have never seen this. Three weeks prior with NO rain.
Now we have had rain in last two weeks. Some are rotten, sprouted, etc.
The old soybeans we had didn't do this. They would keep till next spring. I think its mostly early beans with heat and high humidty.
Posted 9/23/2009 15:24 (#857385 - in reply to #856400)
Subject: RE: beans sprouting in N. Al.
Elkmont, AL [Elkmont, Alabama]
Skyler I think I'll just stay out of my early beans and pretend there fine, so I don't get that rot-gut feeling unitl it quits raining. Nothing I can do about it now as it is still raining here as I type. It's even worse when its a good crop out there. Hope you got 4wd on that 2388, its shaping up to be an interesting fall!
Posted 9/23/2009 20:38 (#857626 - in reply to #857385)
Subject: Re: beans sprouting in N. Al.
checked my 3.9's have been ready 2 weeks but they look ok , but my corn is a different story picked 500 bu before more rain today its sprouted.
Posted 9/23/2009 21:08 (#857678 - in reply to #857626)
Subject: pics of beans
no 4wd...got stuck in wheat once....how do you think the 3.9s will do? heard of some 70 bu avg around here on some 3.9...dont know which brand
Edited by king cotton 9/23/2009 21:44
(soybeans 001 (Medium).jpg)
(soybeans 002 (Medium).jpg)
(soybeans 003 (Medium).jpg)
(soybeans 004 (Medium).jpg)
(soybeans 005 (Medium).jpg)
(soybeans 006 (Medium).jpg)
(soybeans 007 (Medium).jpg)
Zach in Ala.
Posted 9/23/2009 22:18 (#857853 - in reply to #857678)
Subject: RE: pics of beans
Athens, AL [Athens, Alabama]
I have seen some of that also:(
My running total of precip at the house since 9-14 11.25. that is terrible for Sept.
I have not looked but I am sure some cotton is sprouting also.
Posted 9/23/2009 22:41 (#857932 - in reply to #857853)
Subject: RE: pics of beans
i quit counting...dumped all gauges today most were running over...it rained 5 in at my house sat sun and mon....it either rained 3 or 5 inches today...there was 2 in there this morn and 3 when i got home...cant remeber if i dumped it out this am or not
Significant yield loss from disease
Agweb reports about significant yield loss from disease.
I was thinking…
... about the "finish" for the corn and soybean crops.
Warm (not hot) temps and sunshine is exactly what the corn and soybean crops needed... and that's what we've seen for the last three weeks. Unfortunately, the change in the weather also brought with it the longest stretch of dry weather the central Corn Belt has seen all summer. We're on day 17 without rain in Cedar Falls, Iowa.
Fortunately, there was plenty of soil moisture available to the corn and soybean crops, so the dry spell shouldn't have much impact on final yields. But there are some other serious concerns for the corn and soybean crops in Iowa.
On corn, anthracnose is making several fields look "weird" -- fired on the bottom, green in the middle, and fired on top. With the corn plant firing from the top down, the growing season has effectively come to an end in those fields. That's one of the reasons some growers are "surprised" by how quickly the crop "finished." After thinking fields needed another two weeks (or more) to get to black layer, all of the sudden these diseased fields are looking like they'll be ready to harvest in about two weeks. It'll be interesting to see what impact anthracnose has on yields. Obviously, the maturity of the crop when the disease hit will impact how much yield is lost (by way of lower test weights). With the milk line less than halfway down the kernel, yield loss could be 5% (or slightly more). With the milk line more than halfway down the kernel, yield loss could be 3% (or less).
On soybeans, the disease pressure has been extremely varied. Brown stem rot, root rot, SDS, and white mold seem to be most common. And most fields have a "nick" here and there... some will undoubtedly see significant yield loss from disease with dead plants scattered across all acres in individual fields.
But... will the impact be "noticed" or "quantifiable" when combines roll? Well... we'll have to wait and see. But, USDA's Sept. 1 state soybean yield estimates should make it fairly simple to identify how much damage was done by disease. That's because yields in key states with some hefty disease pressure were unchanged from August: Iowa at 52 bu.per acre; Minnesota at 40 bu. per acre; Illinois at 44 bu. per acre; and Ohio at 47 bu. per acre. I'm wondering if Indiana didn't "show" the trend of bean yields for the October update... the state's bean yield estimate was down 2 bu. from Aug. 1, to 43 bu. per acre.
Tuesday, September 15, 2009 4:29 AM by: Anonymous
My Crop in NE was planted Apr 21-26 on corn and Apr 28-May 4th on Beans. Thought I had a boomer coming this year, and then it got dry and I mean DRY!! Dryest May ever recorded, in Norfolk NE. Followed by one of the coldest July's ever recorded. Don't get me wrong, things look good from the road where the sun shines. Walk in 60 rows and you will wonder where the ear size went. Not to mention yellow spots, N def, and poor polination areas. I think it will take everything this crop has to match last years astonishing yields. Last year I was amazed by the size of the ears and the way ears filled out the ends of husks in late SEP. This year the corn just isn't doing it like last year. It will be good, but it will need to be consistent to beat last year, and I just don't see it. Beans on the other hand look great if they didn't die form SDS, Brown Stem, or get hit with some other disease. Just think somebody is going to cry at CBOT when the crop is missing. [I included this comment because I agree with it]
Soybean rust outbreak
Agweb reports that rust hits soybean fields.
[Mississippi, Kentucky, Illinois]
The state of Mississippi lit the USDA soybean rust map up like a Christmas tree over the past month. Allen, a plant pathologist with the Mississippi State University Extension Service, says the majority of the counties in the state will likely have rust confirmed before the season is over. "Fortunately, most of our soybeans are in the R5 stage or later." Fungicide treatments are not considered economic beyond the R5.5 stage for rust management. Allen notes that preventative R4 treatments are thought to have contained most losses, but that was dependent upon geography within the state.
A field in Noxubee County was found to be severely infested with the fungus in early September. Allen says it is the most severe case of soybean rust to be found in Mississippi to date. "I'm guessing that field will experience 5% to 10% yield losses due to rust, but that's just a guess. It could be higher," he says. "We'll have to see what it looks like at the end of harvest." The 100-acre field near Brooksville was not treated with a fungicide.
Dennis Reginelli, Extension agronomic crops agent in Noxubee County, said the field has at least half a dozen acre-or-less-sized circles of dead plants where the disease first occurred. The rust took hold on the plants, weakened them and made them susceptible to other diseases that defoliated the plants. "The entire field has rust spores in it," Reginelli said. "In some places, you can actually see spores flying if you shake the plant foliage."
Late planted soybeans remain vulnerable if they fall below the R-5.5 threshold, notes Allen. However, he notes that growers in northern states will also have to weigh the potential of frost should a treatment become necessary. "It's odd, but our weather patterns came from the north this year. Based on wind patterns, spores in Mississippi have been sent south this season.
An outbreak of soybean rust has already been confirmed in Kentucky—the earliest the disease has been found in that state. Illinois plant pathologists suspect rust is present in the southern regions of their state, but think most soybeans fall into the R5 or later maturity stages.
Delta Farm Press reports about soybean rust problem in late fields.
Soybean rust problem in late fields
Sep 21, 2009 10:14 AM, By David Bennett, Farm Press Editorial Staff
Current wet conditions "are ideal for soybean rust," says Jeremy Ross, Arkansas Extension soybean specialist. "Very few, if any, beans were sprayed (the week of Sept. 14). Here lately, we confirm rust in counties almost like clockwork. Pretty much the entire state has rust, now. As soon as it dries up the vulnerable beans will need to be sprayed."
And it isn't just soybean rust that's shown up recently. Aerial blight, frogeye and other soybean diseases "were being picked up before the rust started to get going. These are really ideal conditions for nearly any disease."
In neighboring Mississippi, "it's very difficult" to go into a soybean field "and not find rust — especially in the Delta region," says Trey Koger, Mississippi Extension soybean specialist. "Rust is pretty much everywhere."
Sbr reports that soybean rust state update.
Sep 24, 2009
SB Rust Observation
SB Rust State Update
United States Soybean Rust Commentary (updated: 09/24/09)
On September 15th, soybean rust was reported in Lauderdale, Leake, Newton, and Winston counties in Mississippi. On September 14th, soybean rust was reported in Craighead, Jackson, Lawrence Counties, Arkansas; Calhoun County, Florida; St. James and St. Tammany Parishes, Louisiana. On Septemebr 11th, soybean rust was reported in Dallas and Lowdes counties, Alabama; Cross and Poinsett Counties, Arkansas; and for the first time in 2009, in Henderson County, Kentucky. On September 10th, soybean rust was reported in South Carolina from Dorchester County and in Mississippi from Alcorn, Pontotoc, Chickasaw, George, Union, Prentiss, and Lee couties. On September 9th, soybean rust was reported in Effingham, Jeff Davies, and Randolph Counties, Georgia; Clay, Shelby, Tuscaloosa and St. Clair Counties, Alabama; and in Evangeline, Ouachita, Rapides, Richland, and St. Landry Parishes in Louisiana. On September 8th, soybean rust was reported in five Mississippi counties (Choctaw, Clay, Monroe, Oktibbeha, and Webster). As the soybean crop matures, more soybean rust reports are expected to the north of the current distribution.
In 2009, soybean rust has been found in nine states and 159 counties in the United States, and in two states and five municipalities in Mexico.
White mold outbreak
The Powell Tribune reports that White Mold outbreak in Wyoming.
Bean crop fights weather, diseases
Written by Judy Killen
Thursday, 10 September 2009
The Big Horn Basin dry bean harvest is beginning, but cool, rainy weather and diseases have taken tolls on yield.
Mike Moore, manager of the University of Wyoming Seed Certification Service, said his agency is just starting windrow inspections, and some fields are not doing well.
"There are still a lot of fields out there that the pods haven't started to fill yet," he said. Some fields are nearly ready to harvest, he said, mainly the Othello variety, which matures earlier than other varieties.
But his inspectors are finding both white mold and bacterial bean blight in fields across the Big Horn Basin [The Bighorn Basin is a plateau region/basin approximately 100 miles wide in north-central Wyoming], he said. The early-finishing Othello fields may escape some of those problems, he said.
"It's sort of tough out there right now," he said. The only area that seems less affected by disease is the far southern end of the Big Horn Basin, Moore said. His inspectors have found blight and mold around Powell, Byron, Emblem and Burlington.
"It doesn't look like location is going to allow you to escape it," he said.
White mold is less of a concern to the seed industry but does affect yield, Moore said. But a field with bacterial bean blight is not eligible for seed production. Fungicides are available to prevent white mold but few growers apply them, Moore said. The fungicides won't treat white mold after it appears. It thrives in fields where humidity is high and recent heavy dews have kept those levels up.
"Bacterial bean blight has people anxious," Moore said. "We're hoping it's not widespread, but it's pointing that direction."
The white mold problem isn't limited to the Big Horn Basin in Wyoming. Many other states are suffering too.
A) Rainy weather and cool temperatures have lead Ohio soybean fields to experience the first major white mold outbreak in nearly a decade.
B) Several days of rain and cooler temperatures in August allowed white mold, which is rarely seen in Illinois, to set up in some soybean fields.
C) Sudden death syndrome (SDS) and white mold is damaging soybean fields around the state of Indiana.
D) August wet spell brought on white mold affect soybean crops in Wisconsin.
E) From the Crop Comments above, white mold is ruining crops in at least three other states (Iowa, North Dakota, and especially Minnesota).
Soybean Sudden Death Syndrome widespread
Iowa Farmer Today reports that soybean sudden death syndrome widespread.
Soybean Sudden Death Syndrome widespread
Posted in Jim Fawcett-EC agronomist
August 24th, 2009
Sudden death syndrome (SDS) is much more widespread this year than last. You can find some SDS in most soybean fields now if you look for it, and you don't have to look for it to see it in many fields. 2007 was the last time we had SDS this widespread in the area. It is common along field edges where there has been extra soil compaction and in areas that were wet this spring.
Iowa Farmer Today asks what insects aren't in my soybeans?
What insects aren't in my soybeans?
Posted in Kyle Jensen
August 12th, 2008
This is more or less the question that I have been receiving in the past few weeks. There is an array of insects that can be found out in the soybeans now. Grasshoppers, soybean aphids, bean leaf beetles, grape colapsis, and Japanese beetles are just a few.
The insect receiving most of the attention in my area is the soybean aphid. Soybean aphid populations have just exploded in the past week. Fields that were only in the 20-100 aphid range just went right on by the threshold (250/plant) and haven't stopped yet. Most fields in the western half of my territory have already been treated with an insecticide. Products used and application methods have varied greatly. Airplanes and ground applicators have been spraying nonstop for the past week. I have scouted quite a few fields today that were sprayed early last week.
Worst grasshopper infestation in 20 years
The Associated Press reports that grasshopper infestations are forcing livestock sales.
Grasshopper infestation forces livestock sales
By CARSON WALKER (AP) — Aug 21, 2009
[worst grasshopper infestation: Nebraska, South Dakota, Wyoming, Montana and Idaho
large grasshopper populations: North Dakota, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Colorado, Utah, Washington, Oregon, California and Arizona
WASTA, S.D. — Grasshoppers are eating grass and other forage grown for livestock in such proportions that some U.S. ranchers are selling cattle because they won't have feed for the animals this winter.
Mark Tubbs, who ranches in southwest South Dakota and inside the Wyoming border, plans to sell about a third of his cows this fall after putting up a sixth of the hay he usually does. He had been expecting a decent cutting — until the grasshoppers started chomping.
"This year we had a good start but they just took it," said Tubbs, 57. "The grasshoppers have taken it down to the dirt. They've eaten everything but the cactus."
Much of Nebraska, South Dakota, Wyoming, Montana and Idaho have the worst infestations of grasshoppers this year, but large populations also have been found in North Dakota, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Colorado, Utah, Washington, Oregon, California and Arizona, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
"It's just off the charts," said Bruce Helbig, state plant health director with the USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) in Pierre. In far southwest South Dakota, there are more than 60 grasshoppers per square yard.
Still, ranchers' hopper-instigated sell-offs are unlikely to increase consumer meat prices, said Adele Harty, Haakon County Extension educator. "In the past when we've had droughts we haven't seen that result," she said. [This time will be different.]
That's little comfort to David Kane, a rancher near Sheridan, Wyo., who said the grasshoppers on his ranch are the worst they've been in more than 20 years. Kane already sold off part of his herd because the pests ate his cows' food.
"They're devastating," Kane said. "They were so bad here on the ranch that we sprayed our meadows because the second-cutting of alfalfa wouldn't green up because they were eating it as fast as it was trying to grow."
"We've had one good year in the last 10 years, and that was in 2005," he said. "That's the problem we're having with the grasshoppers. It's just taking the will and the heart out of us."
The Associated Press also reports that grasshopper infestations lead South Dakota counties to seek federal aid.
Grasshopper problem leads SD counties to seek aid
By CHET BROKAW , 09.02.09, 07:59 AM EDT
PIERRE, S.D. -- At least seven southwestern South Dakota counties are seeking disaster declarations to help deal with hordes of grasshoppers that are devouring hay fields, grass and other livestock forage.
County commissions have passed disaster declarations in Bennett, Custer, Fall River, Meade, Mellette and Jackson counties, said Nathan Sanderson, deputy director of policy for the state Agriculture Department. Butte County officials also report they have passed such a resolution.
To qualify for a federal disaster declaration, a county must show a 30 percent loss compared to normal production of a particular crop, such as hay, Sanderson said. State officials will work with Gov. Mike Rounds to send disaster requests to U.S. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack, who would decide whether to approve the counties' applications.
Butte County, which borders Wyoming just north of the Black Hills, is an area that's been hit hard, said Steve Smeenk, a farmer and rancher who is a member of the county commission.
"Grasshoppers are just about as bad as most people around here have ever seen them," said Smeenk, 61. "There's tremendous numbers. The ground moves when you walk."
If a disaster declaration is issued, it could at least help farmers and ranchers deal with the problem next year, Smeenk said. The last time the area was hit with a comparable grasshopper infestation was about three decades ago, when the second year was worse than the first, he said.
"I think we're going to have to be ready for them next year because I think next year could be worse than this year," Smeenk said. "Hopefully, we've kind of laid some groundwork to get some programs going early enough next year to help quite a bit."
Smeenk said he sprayed this year but didn't do enough early in the growing season.
"All of a sudden, they just exploded," Smeenk said. "I've killed millions and millions of them, but I haven't killed enough to make a dent. There's billions and billions of them out there."
Smeenk said the grasshoppers have stripped the grass on his grazing land, reduced the yield in corn on some irrigated land and damaged the third cutting of hay.
"They keep the hay from starting again, so you don't get as much. They eat it off. There's nothing growing there," he said.
Note: Grasshopper infestations grow exponentially worse every year until some weather event breaks the cycle. If all the eggs being laid by grasshoppers right now survive the winter unharmed, there will be a grasshopper infestation of biblical proportion next year.
High Plains Journal reports that drought conditions turn dire in parts of Texas.
Drought conditions turn dire in parts of Texas
LUBBOCK, Texas (AP)--If not for the triple-digit heat, central Texas rancher Debbie Davis could almost think it was a different season entirely.
"The (pasture) grass looks like it's the dead of winter,'' said Davis, who raises beef cattle and Texas Longhorns northwest of San Antonio. The region is enduring its driest 22-month span going back to 1885. "It's horrible. It's probably the worst I've ever seen.''
Usually it's West Texas that's hot and dry. Now, central and southern Texas are alone in the nation in experiencing the two most severe stages of drought. About 11 percent of the state was in "extreme'' or "exceptional'' drought as of June 30, up from 8 percent the previous week.
That's bad news for farmers and ranchers in the nation's No. 2 agriculture state behind California, who could lose billions in crops and livestock. [Did you catch that? The No. 1 (California) and No. 2 (Texas) agriculture states are decimated by droughts. You would thin]
Ranchers are sending many more cattle to sale barns, which has driven prices down [which means higher prices next year]. There's little pastureland to graze on and the cost to ship hay in from out of state is high--as is the price of supplemental feed.
Three years ago in a drought that spanned more than a year, Texas lost $4.1 billion, a crop and livestock record for a single year.
"It could easily be that'' again, said Travis Miller, a drought specialist with the Texas AgriLife Extension Service.
The parched parts of the state are south of a line from Del Rio to Waco to Houston, while according to a U.S. Drought Monitor map released last week, much of West Texas is faring well.
"It's a tale of two states,'' said Victor Murphy, a meteorologist with the National Weather Service in Fort Worth. "The only way out of this drought is some sort of tropical disturbance.''
Burn bans are in effect in more than half of the state's 254 counties, and water restrictions never before implemented in San Antonio are likely just days away.
Houston residents welcomed some rain July 7, with many areas getting at least an inch and some getting as much as 3 inches. That came after the city saw its driest May 1 to July 5 period since records began in 1889, receiving just 0.65 of an inch of rain in those 65 days, compared with about 10 inches usually.
The city had its second-warmest June since 1906, including seven consecutive days with temperatures of at least 100.
Folks in the San Antonio area, officials say, could see a return to drought conditions of the 1950s, which lasted about six years and affected every part of the state. From September 2007 through last month the area has gotten 23.9 inches of rain--less than half the normal amount of about 54 inches.
"It's been ridiculously dry for going on two years now and it doesn't help having exceptionally dry conditions this time of year,'' said John Nielsen-Gammon, the state's climatologist at Texas A&M University.
Texas produces about 16 percent of the nation's 31.7 million head of cattle, and more than 60 percent of the state's beef cows are in counties with extreme and exceptional drought.
The culling of the herds is not expected to affect meat prices at grocery stores. Most of the cows sold at auction are being slaughtered and used for hamburger meat. Demand and the sale of ground beef has remained strong despite the struggling economy.
But that could change, because the effects of the drought on livestock aren't short-term. It leads to reduced conception rates and calf crops the next year, and the lack of feed results in lower cattle sale weights.
"We'll have a lot fewer cows next year nationwide, which means higher prices,'' said David Anderson, an agriculture marketing economist with the Texas AgriLife Extension Service.
Range and pasture recovery from drought can take several years and can result in lower stocking rates while ranges recover.
Crop production on the High Plains in West Texas is probably the state's only hope to avoid another year of multibillion-dollar losses. In March, agriculture officials estimated cattle producers had lost about $830 million going back to last summer.
"Everybody's pretty desperate,'' said Davis, the rancher. "We're all hoping for a hurricane.''
Kcba reports that USDA Declares Most of California a Drought Disaster.
USDA Declares Counties Drought Disaster Areas
Posted: Sep 23, 2009 11:35 AM EDT
SACRAMENTO, Calif. - The U.S. Department of Agriculture has just declared most of California, a natural drought disaster area. Fifty of the 58 counties in the state are on the list, including San Benito, Monterey and Santa Cruz County.
They're being called natural disaster areas because of all the crop losses that have happened with this year's drought. But good news, this declaration will make loans available to farmers who have suffered financial losses from the drought this year.
Farmers will be eligible for the emergency loans depending on how bad their losses are and their ability to repay the loans. The USDA says 21 counties are primary disaster areas, including San Benito County.
Twenty-nine more, including Monterey and Santa Cruz, are considered disaster areas since they're next to counties where big losses have occurred.
This declaration comes as farmers struggle with a third consecutive year of drought conditions in the state. The governor has also issued a statement asking for more federal help.
Killer Frost Forecast
Agriculture Online reports that corn belt frost is on the radar screen.
'Corn Belt frost is on the radar screen'
Northern Corn Belt frost likely next Tuesday, forecasters say
9/23/2009, 9:29 AM CDT
[North Dakota, South Dakota, northeast Nebraska, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and northern Iowa]
It sounds like the killing frost that's been on almost every farmer's mind the last few weeks might be on its way in the next week.
Last week, it looked like a warming trend would keep a killing frost at bay into October. But, new models this week show reason for forecasters to point to next Tuesday, September 29, as a day when that frost is likely in many points in the northern half of the Corn Belt.
A cold front will begin making its way into the northwestern Corn Belt -- through the Dakotas and into Minnesota -- on Sunday, and on the back side of that front will trail a cold air mass that will kick temperatures down to the lower 30s in the area that grows around 20% to 25% of the nation's corn and soybeans.
"Best estimates are that a light frost will hit North Dakota, South Dakota, and northeast Nebraska with the coldest air under minor ridging and radiational conditions causing a freeze in Minnesota and Wisconsin (possibly extreme northern Iowa too) on Tuesday morning," says Allen Motew, ag meteorologist with QT Weather, Inc., in Chicago. "The leading edge the cold air will be crossing Minnesota and South Dakota Sunday. Monday, the lead edge of the cold air will have progressed into Michigan, Indiana, Kentucky, and Missouri.
"Tuesday morning, the greatest risk for frost and some crop damage will be in the eastern Dakotas, Minnesota, western Wisconsin and extreme northern Iowa," he adds.
While the frost will likely end the growing season in the northern tier of the Corn Belt, the crops will probably make it through the dip further south, adds Charlie Notis of Freese-Notis Weather, Inc., in Des Moines, Iowa. Those crops that make it through the chilly conditions early in the week will be rewarded by warmer temps later on, Notis adds.
Lack of Time and Sun
DTN The Progressive Farmer reports that Lanworth See Smaller Crops Than USDA.
Lanworth said it continues to expect 2009 corn and soybean yields to be generally comparable to last year's.
[there have been significant crop losses since Lanworth made its estimates at the beginning of September]
"Neither resource availability nor the time that corn and soy have to capture resources and allocate them to yield has increased in 2009. Furthermore, solar radiation levels in 2009 have fallen to record and near record lows, dropping roughly 10 percent across most of the Corn Belt and Upper Midwest relative to 2008.
"By early October solar radiation levels in the Corn Belt and Upper Midwest generally fall to levels 40 to 50 percent below those in July. Thus, even with relatively late crop maturation uninterrupted by frost, reduced radiation inputs greatly limit the crops' ability to regain the potential seed filling lost in July due to delayed flowering," the company said.
Conditions are particularly adverse in Minnesota, North and South Dakota, which typically account for 15 percent of potential corn and soy production. An extended period of dryness in Ohio, northern Indiana, northern Wisconsin, Wisconsin and eastern North Dakota has slowed rate of seed filling in those areas.
High yields are expected in southern and western states (Colorado, Kansas, Missouri and Nebraska), which make up 20 percent of potential corn and soy production, and "gains there may be sufficient to offset some of the potential yield losses in northern production areas but cannot drive record-breaking national yields," the company stated.
While the 2009 Crop won't be a complete disaster, but production will be down from 2008. In soybeans, I'd guesstimate that production will be down 10% (especially with frost forecast for next week), which would give us 2.664 billion bushels for 2009. That is 581 million bushels least than the USDA's current estimate of 3.245 billion bushels.
2008 Soybean production
2009 Soybean production (USDA estimate)
2009 Soybean production (my guess)
USDA Soybean Production Estimates
Below are the USDA's latest soybean production estimates. The more outrageous yield estimates are highlighted in red.
Soybeans for Beans: Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by State
and United States, 2008 and Forecasted September 1, 2009
(Bushels per acre)
Insane Soybean Export Sales
As of September 17, the US has already committed to exporting 18,241,671 Metric Tons (670 million bushels) of soybean from the 2009 crop. The amount of soybean exports sales outstanding right now is simply insane. This explains why the USDA is twisting its estimates beyond the realm of believability: if the US doesn't have a bumper crop, then its supply/demand numbers don't add up. Soybean prices are headed much, much higher.