Last December, I published a major article ( *****2010 Food Crisis for Dummies***** ) explaining why the world was heading towards a major food crisis in 2010. Well, the 2010 Food Crisis IS HERE!
Shortages have driven up prices and we are now entering the next stage of the food crisis. Some of my long time readers will remember my March follow-up entry ( *****2010 Food Crisis Taking Shape***** ) in which I laid out the three stage of the food crisis.
… What is going to happen next is simple:
A) Prices will rise driven by growing shortages.
B) The fear of price collapse in soybeans will fade away and doubts about the USDA will grow (ie: “if the USDA' s numbers are right, why are prices still going up?”). As end-users try to get out of their underbought and oversold positions, the price rises will accelerate.
C) Panic explodes as faith in USDA numbers collapse. Everyone becomes a spot buyer.
Stage A of the food crisis (shortage-driven price spike) has occurred. Now we are entering stage B (confusion, growing doubts in government estimates, accelerating price rises). This is confirmed by Kory Melby, who asks the question I have been waiting for: Where Are the Soybeans?
Where Are the Soybeans?
29 Jul 10
Cash soybean bids remain firm in the interior of Brazil.
Soybean crushers do not have enough soybeans to make it until November.
Soybean crushers are bidding a negative margin to secure cash soybeans.
Exciting Stuff Happening In Grain Markets
Modbee reports that wheat prices surged in July by the biggest amount in a half-century.
DROUGHT SENDS WHEAT SKYROCKETING
last updated: July 30, 2010 11:05:52 PM
Wheat prices surged in July by the biggest amount in a half-century as severe drought in Russia and other former Soviet republics destroyed grain crops.
— Wheat prices rose $1.97 a bushel, or 42 percent, this month and are at their highest level since September 2008.
Agweb reports about exciting stuff happening in grains.
Strong Market Closes Mark Uptrend
By Linda H. Smith
“We have exciting stuff happening in grains,” says Jerry Gulke of the Gulke Group. “You almost have to see it on paper to believe it. I don' t remember when I' ve seen all commodities look this bullish at once.”
Gulke learned long ago that you can' t argue with the technicals—the charts often tell you something is going on in the markets that you can' t readily appreciate in the fundamentals. The charts for wheat, corn, soybeans, bean oil and maybe bean meal all are now long on both a weekly and monthly basis, he says. “This generally means we will see an upward bias for the next 12 to 18 months.”
“It could be we are in about the same situation we were in 2008,” says Gulke. “Now, we need something catastrophic to happen to not be in a bull market.”
AP reports that wheat prices end July with huge monthly gain.
Wheat prices end July with huge monthly gain
By TALI ARBEL (AP) — July 30, 2010
NEW YORK — Wheat prices surged in July by the biggest amount in more than a half century as severe drought conditions in Russia and other former Soviet republics destroyed grain crops.
If the gains continue, U.S. shoppers could see a bump up in prices of cereals, breads and pastas made with wheat. American wheat farmers, meanwhile, are going to get a boost in income, said Scott Irwin, professor of agriculture at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.
Wheat prices have risen $1.97 a bushel, or 42 percent, this month and are at their highest level since September 2008. Its the biggest gain for wheat contracts according to records dating back to 1959, according to the Chicago Board of Trade.
With no immediate end in sight for the drought in Russia, wheat prices could continue to rally. That makes it more likely that the surging wheat could wind up affecting prices for bread, said Ephraim Leibtag, an economist with the USDA's Economic Research Service.
The lack of rain and extreme heat in Russia has already destroyed about 20 percent of the country's grain crop in key growing regions, according to Russian officials. Russia is a major exporter, but analysts say there are rumors that the country may cut off its exports, boosting demand for the remaining grain stocks in the U.S. and other major grains producers.
Droughts are also afflicting Kazakhstan and parts of Ukraine, while heavy rains have damaged the Canadian wheat crop. The Canadian Wheat Board estimated that the 2010-11 yield would be the lowest since 2002 because about 13 million acres were either left unseeded or destroyed by heavy rains.
Expectations for a global wheat crop smaller than last year's helped propel prices for wheat up by 5.4 percent on Friday alone. September wheat rose 34 cents to settle at $6.615 a bushel.
"Undoubtedly this will be good news in Nebraska, out there in the West, on the Great Plains," Irwin said. If farmers switch acreage from soybeans and corn to wheat, that could also drive an increase in the price of those commodities as supply shrinks, ultimately leading to higher meat prices for livestock producers and shoppers, he said.
Below is the latest from Nogger. (Again, visit Nogger' s blog to keep up to date about the 2010 food crisis. It has great coverage of everything agriculture.)
Friday, 30 July 2010
German Production Estimates Cut
Hamburg-based Toepfer have reduced their German crop production estimates quite sharply from last month saying that the cold winter delayed crop maturity. In addition "dry conditions in the last six weeks and the extremely high daytime temperatures have affected the yield potential of crops in many places," they add.
Friday, 30 July 2010
Ukraine To Import Wheat In 2010/11?
Reports suggest that Ukraine will only manage to harvest "a maximum" of 8 MMT of milling wheat this year, well below domestic consumption of 11-12 MMT.
Having aggressively marketed and exported wheat of all grades throughout 2009/10 it will come as no surprise to hear that official records of milling wheat ending stocks from last season appear to have got lost in the post.
One report I am reading suggests that the cash-strapped Ukraine's already have commitments to export 3 MMT of milling wheat this season.
The maths on this one certainly don't add up. Even is this week's hastily introduced new regulations on exports effectively bars this 3 MMT from leaving Ukraine will clearly run out of milling wheat by spring.
The country is estimated to produce 38-40 MMT of grains this year, down 13-17% from last season's 46 MMT. …
Friday, 30 July 2010
What Will This Afternoon Bring?
You'd have expected a profit-taking month-end sell off normally, but things suddenly aren't "normal" any more. Early calls for CBOT this afternoon are higher: corn up 2-4c, wheat up 8-10c, soybeans up 6-8c. …
Friday, 30 July 2010
What Will Tomorrow Bring?
Sharply higher global wheat plantings based on these prices that's for sure. Is anyone reading this old enough to remember the dim and distant past of 2007/08? What a year that was, you'll never believe it right, what happened was prices went through the roof just like now. …
Friday, 30 July 2010
IGC Issue Revised Export Figures
[Propaganda efforts are getting increadibly desperate and obvious.]
The senile old duffers at the IGC have revised yesterday's export numbers before the ink has even had time to dry.
They've just heard that there's a drought going on in Russia, which they seem to think might have a negative import on exports out of the region this year.
They didn't hear about the drought until today as the regular carrier pigeon they usually use is on holiday, and they've got a student in to cover for him.
They've dropped their July 2010-June 2011 Russian grain export estimate from yesterday's 15.8 MMT to 13.4 MMT today. To help balance that they've upped US exports by 2.5 MMT to 82.9 MMT.
… Can you smell something funny?"
[USDA-lead propaganda is falling apart in the face of reality…]
Saturday, 31 July 2010
Wheat Monthly/Weekly Stats
It's been a stunning month for wheat, with Friday's impressive CBOT close apparently pushing wheat there to its largest monthly gain since 1959, with London and Paris wheat not too far behind:
Commodity Month Fri Cls Weekly Gain Monthly Gain
CBOT wheat Sep10 661.50 +65.25 (+10.9%) +181.25 (+37.7%)
Paris wheat Nov10 195.25 +15.50 (+ 8.6%) + 49.50 (+34.0%)
London wheat Nov10 142.50 + 8.55 (+ 6.4%) + 35.25 (+32.9%)
Paris corn Nov10 178.50 +10.50 (+ 6.3%) + 29.25 (+19.6%)
Paris rapeseed Nov10 367.25 + 0.50 nominal + 37.50 (+11.4%)
Paris barley Nov10 201.00 +11.00 (+ 5.8%) + 38.50 (+23.7%)
World buyers are having flashbacks to 2007 and 2008
Agweb reports that world buyers are having flashbacks to 2007 and 2008.
Wheat, once again posted the largest percentage gains overall in our table. Continued weather problems in the FSU and Europe are still fueling the rally in wheat. Now that the spec funds have painfully bought back all of their short positions in wheat, some have “got religion” and are aggressively buying the market in an attempt to make back the money they lost. World buyers are also having flashbacks to 2007 and 2008, when hoarding behaviors by net exporter countries made food staples like wheat and rice very expensive and hard to buy. On paper the world stocks of wheat are still much above 2007 levels, but once burned is twice shy as they used to say. …
Weather Woes Around the World
Agrimoney reports about signs of crop damage and lower yields in German.
German yield fears help wheat prices to new highs
By Agrimoney.com - Published 22/07/2010
Wheat prices hit their highest for nigh on two years in Europe, and rose above $6 a bushel in Chicago, after farmers reported fears of yield losses of up to 20% in Germany because of dry weather.
Farming association Deutschen Bauernverbandes, or DBV, said that wheat yields in the European Union's second-ranked producer of the grain would be "10-20% down on the year".
Initial harvest results had shown signs of crop damage and lower yields, notably in areas with lighter soils, where the impact of this year's prolonged dry weather had been particularly severe.
While the DBV did not make a production estimate, the decline implied by the data is greater than many of the forecasts so far being factored in. FO Licht analysts earlier this month estimated the German wheat crop at 24.86m tonnes, only 300,000 tonnes lower than last year's.
Agrimoney reports that Argentine wheat joins list plagued by dry weather.
Argentine wheat joins list plagued by dry weather
By Agrimoney.com - Published 26/07/2010
Argentina has emerged as the latest country to face potential setbacks over wheat, with adverse weather threatening its recovery from a century-low in plantings.
"A new concern is bubbling up in Argentina. It is dry," US broker US Commodities said, noting that 79% of the South American country's intended wheat acreage had been planted as of last week. Typically, farmers have all but finished sowings by now.
The concerns were echoed by Rabobank analysts, who warned of a "great deal of uncertainty" regarding Argentina's wheat crop, South America's biggest, and one typically drawn on by regional importers such as Brazil.
"Dry conditions in some areas of the country, especially in the south and west of the wheat region, might prevent planting intentions from being fully realised," the bank said.
Dry weather has already cut hopes for crops in the European Union, Western Australia and, in particular, Kazakhstan and Russia, sending wheat prices jumping on international markets.
More hot weather
… Russia and Kazakhstan, and potentially eastern Ukraine, are set for further hot and dry weather, with some areas forecast to receive temperatures of up to 108 degrees Fahrenheit (42 degrees Celsius).
"The forecast for the week does not remain optimistic... with a further rise of expected temperatures," Agritel, the Paris-based consultancy, said, adding that temperatures in Russia had hit record highs on Saturday.
Benzinga reports that problems in grain producing regions.
… Corn/Wheat/ Soybeans are all trading significantly higher as the drought conditions in southern Russia continue and with little if any prospects of relief in the very near future. Summer crops require rain however, in Russia' s case, and in the case of Kazakhstan and the Ukraine the lack of grain during July has put the summer grain crops there in very real danger.
China and Canada have a very different problem which is the exact opposite of drought, these two countries have suffered heavy rains in the grain producing regions, which has limited farmer activity or has devastated what was planted. The strange weather patterns have succeeded in tightening world grain supplies. The grain market bears argue that there is a vast supply enough in fact to meet global demand and they are correct, for now. As long as there are no other problems regarding logistics, the industrialised world and I include the 2nd tier nations in this, will be able to feed themselves. There will not be a famine [Talk of famine means that stage C of the 2010 food crisis (Panic) is growing nearer]. However the important point I wish to make is that these reserves will be drawn down, taking the world into 2011 with limited grain reserves and high and rising prices. …
Abnormal US Weather Continues in 2010
In 2009, Farmers experienced the worst weather “Ever Seen” (see *****Worst Harvest Season Ever Seen***** ). The worst weather "Ever Seen” means exactly what it sounds like: the worst in living memory or recorded history. Reading about the 2009/10 harvest was a long series of horror stories. Farmers saw the worst drought ever seen, the most rain ever seen, the worst hail ever seen, the worst flooding ever seen, the earliest snow ever seen, etc…
Well, 2009' s abnormal weather continues in 2010. Bloomberg reports about the weather threat to U.S. crops.
Soybeans Rally to 12-Week High, Corn Gains as Dry Spell Hurts World Crops
By Jeff Wilson - Jul 30, 2010
Prices also rose as heat and excessive rain threaten U.S. crops, Schultz said.
From Texas to Pennsylvania, temperatures will be as much as 6 degrees Fahrenheit higher than normal over the next two weeks, increasing stress on plants, said Gail Martell, the president of MartellCropProjections.com in Whitefish Bay, Wisconsin.
In the Midwest, the main U.S. growing region, the total rainfall during the past two months was probably the highest since 1960, after as much as 6 inches (15 centimeters) of rain moved east from South Dakota to Illinois in the past 24 hours, said Mike Tannura, the president of T-Storm Weather in Chicago.
The data point to the warmest and wettest June-July period since 1960, Tannura said today in a report to clients. With forecasts for a hot August, there is increasing potential for large swings in yields, he said.
“Too much rain and warm evening temperatures have caused widely variable crop conditions across the Midwest and in individual fields,” Northstar Commodity' s Schultz said. “It' s still going to be a good crop, but not as big as farmers were hoping for just three weeks ago.”
Agweb reports about the record breaking Midwest heat.
Strong Market Closes Mark Uptrend
By Linda H. Smith
Behind the rally may be the hot summer nights, he adds. “Illinois has had the most consecutive 80-degree or more days in history, and it' s not cooling off at night. We are hearing from Drew Lerner (Global Weather) and Elwynn Taylor (Iowa State University) that it is hot nights that corn really doesn' t like. And there' s a chance of hot, dry weather in August. Trim 5% yield potential and that is a 650-million-bushel loss…
Beatrice Daily Sun reports that lush fields of corn and soybeans were reduced to dying stalks and shoots in a matter of minutes.
From the ground up
By Chris Dunker/Daily Sun staff writer Posted: Saturday, July 31, 2010 6:00 am
Nearly six weeks ago, lush fields of corn and soybeans across four Nebraska counties were reduced to dying stalks and shoots in a matter of minutes.
According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture' s Farm Service Agency, 125,000 acres of crops were destroyed during the June 20 hail storm across areas of Gage, Lancaster, Johnson and Pawnee Counties.
Harms watched his maturing corn crop be destroyed by golf ball and tennis ball-sized hail from his home on June 20.
He, like most other farmers, remarked that he had never seen anything like it as entire fields were destroyed, some with little evidence of a crop left behind.
Hasenkamp said the Gage County area has had yearly experience with severe hail damage to crops over the past four to five years.
“I' d say we' re more educated on what to expect because of our experience with it,” Hasenkamp said. “But this is by far the worst I' ve ever seen in my lifetime.”
Rapid City Journal reports about the worst grasshopper infestation ever seen.
Heavy outbreak of grasshoppers at work on West River fields
Jomay Steen, Journal staff
Tuesday, July 20, 2010 6:00 am
Every morning Doug Hlavka surveys the damage that a newly hatched plague of grasshoppers has set upon his cornfield and pastures.
“This is the worst infestation that I' ve ever seen,” Hlavka said.
Hlavka, 56, noticed the first hatchings about two weeks ago. The hoppers quickly moved into his pastures and fields to begin their ravenous work, he said.
“I lost 40 acres of alfalfa that I didn' t cut. I had 80 acres of corn that they' re eating up real fast. I' ve sprayed around its edges, but I' m waiting for an airplane to spray it,” he said.
His wife, Val, lost her flower and vegetable gardens to the insects. He estimates that in certain areas on his ranch, there are 30 grasshoppers resting on each square foot of land. They have covered the sides of his home, outbuildings and fence posts.
“My mother' s 84, and she says they' re the worst she' s ever seen,” Hlavka said.
The balance of power is shifting to exporters
Agrimoney reports that the balance of power is shifting to exporters.
Opinion: Egypt's tiny wheat reversal is a big deal
23:37 GMT, Wednesday, 28th July 2010, by Agrimoney.com
The wheat market just crossed a rubicon.
Ever since the grain's last rally petered out two years ago, weakened by a bumper crop and global recession, importers have held all the cards. It is less than two months Chicago wheat slipped below $4.30 a bushel, nearly its lowest for three years, as buyers sat on their hands.
Egypt's relaxtion of import rules only introduced last year shows that the balance of power has shifted a long way back to exporters.
Allowing France to ship in 30,000-tonne volumes rather than the 60,000-tonne panamax standard is a more significant reversal than it first appears.
Why the concession?
What Cairo's move does show is that it wants to make life easier for France's merchants.
And that's quite a shift for a buyer which focused, as importers' power grew, very much on getting value for money.
…it doesn't look like Egypt is taking any chances with its supplies. And if the world's biggest wheat buyer is hedging its bets, the rest of the market should take note.
Soybean Rally Surprises World
Commodity Online reports that soybean overcomes bearish trend.
Soybean overcomes bearish trend
Published on July 30, 2010 16:10:00 IST
After witnessing a long bearish phase, finally soybean prices recovered during July month. NCDEX futures market prices increased nearly 8.1 % during this period.
In fact, till last month, it was the general opinion that world oilseeds market would witness further fall in prices due to comfortable supply as Brazil, Argentina and US which are the major soybean producers harvested a bumper crop this year.
Cash Premiums Driving Soybean Market Higher
Premiums in the cash market are forcing soybean futures higher. Despite prices jumping to a six-month high, the premium for soybeans delivered in August is still 74 cents to 75 cents a bushel above August futures on the Chicago Board of Trade. Basically, while August Soybean futures have rallied to $10.53 per bushel, the real, cash price of soybeans is 74 cents higher at $11.27 per bushel.
USDA reports the Gulf Export basis for grain.
Baton Rouge, LA Fri Jul 30, 2010 USDA-LA Dept of Ag Market News
Gulf Export bids and basis for grain delivered to gulf export elevators, barge to Louisiana Gulf (Mississippi River), prompt or 30 day shipments, dollar per bushel, except sorghum per cwt.
Midday bids and basis for US 1 Yellow Soybeans
Cash Bids Change Basis Change
Aug= 11.2650 - 11.2750 up 24.75 +74 Q to +75 Q dn 1
Sep= 10.8300 - 10.9000 up 17 +78 X to +85 X unch
Oct= 10.7900 - 10.8000 up 17 +74 X to +75 X unch
Nov= 10.8000 - 10.8300 up 17 +75 X to +78 X unch
Dec= 10.7900 - 10.8000 no comp +74 X to +75 X no comp
This intense backwardation (where cash prices are higher than futures) is evidence of shortages and is the driving force behind the grain rally.
What Happens Next
Things are getting really interesting in agricultural markets. As for what happens next, I will point to my first entry on Soybean Overconsumption:
What this means
The soybean prices are going way up. How high they go depends on how long the current overconsumption lasts. In other words, right now it would take a 50 to 80 percent rise in prices to ration demand until next harvest. However,
with two or three months more of the current overconsumption [TOO LATE], soybeans prices will have to double or triple to ration demand.
Watch for the USDA' s Madoff Moment
As his ponzi scheme collapsed due to withdrawal requests, Madoff had to face reality and shocked the world by admitting the truth. Investors who believed they owned billions found they had a little over 100 million to divide among themselves. The USDA, in the next [month]
three to four months, will also have to face the reality and admit that the world is missing ten to twenty million metric tons of soybeans. The news should be as well received as Madoff' s announcement.